Student Notes: Of Mice and Men – Book by John Steinbeck

Of Mice and Men book notes

Student Notes – Of Mice and Men by John Steinbeck


Of Mice and Men, written by John Steinbeck and published in 1937, is a poignant and powerful novella that explores the dreams, hardships, and fragile nature of human existence during the Great Depression. Set in California’s Salinas Valley, the story follows two displaced ranch workers, George Milton and Lennie Small, as they navigate the challenges of poverty, friendship, and the pursuit of the American Dream. These student notes provide an analysis of the novella, including an introduction, setting, historical context, characters, plot summary, key themes and symbolism, analysis and discussion points, and a conclusion. Of Mice and Men continues to be a celebrated work of literature, addressing themes of loneliness, friendship, and the struggle for dignity and belonging.



  • The novella is primarily set in the Salinas Valley, California, during the Great Depression.
  • The setting reflects the harsh realities of life during a time of economic hardship and widespread poverty.


Historical Context:

  • Of Mice and Men is set against the backdrop of the Great Depression, a period marked by financial collapse, mass unemployment, and widespread poverty.
  • The novella captures the struggles and dreams of people affected by these difficult times.



George Milton:

  • The protagonist, a small, intelligent, and quick-witted ranch worker who takes care of his mentally challenged friend, Lennie Small.
  • George embodies the complexities of the human spirit and the burden of responsibility.

Lennie Small:

  • A physically strong, mentally challenged man who relies on George for guidance and protection.
  • Lennie’s innocence and childlike nature contrast with his immense strength, highlighting the vulnerability of the marginalized in society.

Curley’s Wife:

  • The only female character in the novella, she is lonely and yearns for companionship.
  • Her character reveals the limited opportunities available to women during that time and the consequences of isolation and unfulfilled desires.


Plot Summary:

  • The story follows George and Lennie as they seek work on ranches and dream of owning their own piece of land, a place where they can live in peace.
  • They encounter various characters, including Candy, an aging ranch hand, and Crooks, an African American stable buck, who also face their own challenges and aspirations.
  • The plot takes a tragic turn when Lennie’s uncontrollable strength leads to a devastating event, forcing George to make a heart-wrenching decision.


Key Themes and Symbolism:

Loneliness and Isolation:

  • The novella explores the profound loneliness experienced by the characters, emphasizing the human need for connection and belonging.

Dreams and Disillusionment:

  • The characters’ dreams of a better life and their pursuit of the American Dream highlight the harsh realities of a world that often crushes dreams and perpetuates inequality.

Powerlessness and Marginalization:

  • Steinbeck illuminates the power dynamics and social hierarchies that leave the characters, particularly those on the margins, vulnerable and marginalized.


Analysis and Discussion Points:

  • The significance of the title and its connection to the characters’ desires for a place of their own.
  • The examination of the complexities of friendship and the sacrifices one may make for the well-being of others.
  • The portrayal of innocence and the contrasting forces of violence and compassion in the human condition.



Of Mice and Men by John Steinbeck is a timeless and impactful novella that delves into the human struggle for companionship, dignity, and the pursuit of dreams. Set against the backdrop of the Great Depression, the story captures the spirit of resilience amidst hardship and sheds light on the fragility of dreams and the harsh realities of societal inequalities. Steinbeck’s masterful storytelling and well-drawn characters make Of Mice and Men a thought-provoking exploration of human nature, making it a significant work in American literature.

Get Paperback or Kindle version of the book <–