Student Notes: Death of a Salesman – Book by Arthur Miller

Death of a Salesman student book notes

Student Notes – Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller


Death of a Salesman, written by Arthur Miller and first performed in 1949, is a classic American play that delves into the complexities of the American Dream, identity, and the disillusionment of the post-war era. Through the character of Willy Loman, a struggling salesman, Miller examines themes of success, failure, and the human longing for significance. These student notes provide a comprehensive analysis of key elements, characters, and themes in Death of a Salesman, enriching readers’ understanding and appreciation of this timeless work.



Willy Loman:

  • The Protagonist: Willy Loman is a traveling salesman in his sixties who grapples with his fading success and a diminishing sense of self-worth. He represents the common man and embodies the pursuit of the American Dream.
  • Internal Conflict: Willy experiences an internal conflict between his desire for material success and his yearning for personal fulfillment and authenticity. This conflict drives his actions throughout the play.

Linda Loman:

  • Willy’s Wife: Linda is a devoted and supportive wife who tries to uphold Willy’s illusions and protect him from the harsh realities of life. She serves as a symbol of the sacrifices and unconditional love of a traditional family structure.

Biff Loman:

  • Willy’s Older Son: Biff is a complex character who struggles to reconcile his father’s expectations with his own desires. He represents the disillusionment of the American Dream and seeks to find his own identity outside of society’s definition of success.

Happy Loman:

  • Willy’s Younger Son: Happy is the younger Loman son who follows in his father’s footsteps, striving for material success and validation. However, he also grapples with feelings of emptiness and a sense of being overshadowed by his older brother.

The Woman:

  • A Symbolic Character: The Woman is a symbol of Willy’s infidelity and represents the illusion of success and happiness that Willy chases but ultimately finds unfulfilling.



The American Dream:

  • Miller critiques the American Dream as a flawed and elusive concept. He explores the destructive nature of pursuing material success at the expense of personal fulfillment and authenticity.

Illusion versus Reality:

  • The play examines the blurred line between illusion and reality. Willy’s distorted perception of himself and his inability to face the truth contribute to his tragic downfall.

Identity and Self-Worth:

  • Death of a Salesman delves into questions of identity and self-worth in a society that measures value based on material success. The characters grapple with defining their identities beyond societal expectations and the pressure to conform.

Family and Relationships:

  • The play explores the dynamics within the Loman family and the impact of Willy’s pursuit of the American Dream on his relationships with his wife and sons. It highlights the importance of love, support, and connection in the face of personal and societal challenges.



Death of a Salesman is a powerful play that delves into the complexities of the American Dream, identity, and the human longing for significance. Through the portrayal of characters such as Willy Loman, Linda, Biff, and Happy, Arthur Miller provides a profound examination of the illusions and struggles of the post-war era. By engaging with the student notes provided, readers can gain a deeper understanding of the internal conflicts, themes, and societal critiques in Death of a Salesman, allowing for a more nuanced appreciation of Miller’s exploration of the human condition.

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